Organic Vs Conventional Food Choices And Farming Practices
Over the years, Experts, scientists and other members of the civil society have engaged in deliberation over the practices and outcome of organic farming versus those of conventional farming.
There are various arguments that have been put forward in favor of organic food choices from time to time. Organic food is cultivated using natural farming resources discouraging the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides that have been known to degrade the quality of soil and cause ecological damage. With growing health concerns among the general populace and the willingness of people from most developed economies to pay more for food options that have been grown without resorting to harmful chemicals, organic farming methods are gaining popularity.
But, there are some hindrances to this development, as most nations struggle with numerous problems like food shortage, wastage, improper infrastructural support for storage, etc. Given the fact that organic farming is in a nascent stage with only about 1 percent of the total arable land cultivated for organic farming, the entire agriculture and food industry is not ready to make a drastic change. But, even before one suggests a switch from conventional to organic, here are some myth busters:
- Myth: Organic farming does not use chemicals for raising crops and livestock: Wrong, any reliable person involved with organic farming will tell you that in most organic food crops and livestock, chemicals do have a part to play. The differences are the degree of its usage, and the kind of pesticides.
- Myth: Organic food choices are more nutritious as opposed to conventionally farmed food: As per studies that have been conducted in this regards, there is very little difference between the quality of nutrition one gains from organic food as compared to conventional food choices. The reason why organic should be chosen over conventional is the fact that the level of residual chemicals in organic options are significantly less than in conventionally grown food products.
- Organic farming does help to maintain a healthy ecological balance: This is the one redeeming aspect of organic farming. Due to lack of use of harmful chemicals to boost the per hectare produce, or to protect the produce from pests and weeds, organic farming helps in preserving the quality of the environment and thus makes the endeavor more sustainable.
Given the high demand for organic food and its obvious ecological benefits, bringing more arable land under organic agriculture is important. Moreover, efforts should be made to promote various individual organic farming practices in conventional farming as well.